Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, at the center of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch with a wicket (a set of three wooden stumps) sited at each end. One team, designated the batting team, attempts to score as many runs as possible, whilst their opponents field. Each phase of play is called an inning. After either ten batsmen have been dismissed or a fixed number of overs have been completed, the innings ends and the two teams then swap roles. The winning team is the one that scores the most runs, including any extras gained, during their one or two innings.
The version of Townball played at University High School is based upon the standard bat-and-ball game played in Massachusetts before the civil war. The Massachusetts Game (as it was called) was the early rival of the New York Game (the equivalent of what we now call "baseball") as the National Pastime until The New York Game eventually won out.